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JARAK: The Commoditization of An Alternative Biofuel Crop in Indonesia Jatropha in South Sulawesi: Cultivation, Trade and Discourses

JARAK: The Commoditization of An Alternative Biofuel Crop in Indonesia Jatropha in South Sulawesi: Cultivation, Trade and Discourses

The background of this research is centered on the current global failure of jatropha. Researches on the failure to date were mostly focusing on questions of agronomy, life cycle assessment, or economics, leaving its political and social implications largely unexplored. Aimed at contributing to bridging the gap, this research focuses on the discussion and analysis of the experiences of jatropha projects in South Sulawesi by focusing on the specific socio, political, cultural and economic contexts of South Sulawesi. Setting the research at the local level is not only intended to see how the local jatropha projects were influenced by processes at the regional, national and international levels, but also to see how the local contexts influence and connect with the processes at the levels above. This research is guided by the following main research questions: ‘Why had jatropha projects been implemented in South Sulawesi? How did they operate within the socio, political, cultural and economic contexts of South Sulawesi? How do their stories explain the current failure of Jatropha?’